The current work examines interactions that are enabled when depositing a human-safe hydrogel onto textile substrates. These hydrogel-textile composites are water-responsive, supporting reversible actuation. To enable these interactions, we describe a fabrication process using a consumer-grade 3D printer. We show how different combinations of printed hydrogel patterns and textiles create a rich actuator design space. Finally, we show an application of this approach and discuss opportunities for future work.

Source Code


Michael L. Rivera, Jack Forman, Scott E. Hudson, and Lining Yao. 2020. Hydrogel-Textile Composites: Actuators for Shape-Changing Interfaces. In Extended Abstracts of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI EA ’20), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1145/3334480.3382788